Chiropractors are regulated in all 10 Canadian provinces, and are designated to use the title doctor similar to physicians, optometrists and dentists after completing the extensive Doctor of Chiropractic degree program. Those professions who are recognized to use the 'doctor' title have extensive training in their area of expertise that allows them to be diagnosticians – to provide a diagnosis.
The Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College (CMCC) in Toronto and the Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières (UQTR) both offer programs accredited by the Canadian Federation of Chiropractic Regulatory and Educational Accrediting Boards (CFCREAB). CMCC and UQTR are recognized degree-granting institutions as recognized by the respective Ontario and Quebec governments. All healthcare practitioners undergo a rigorous course of study and chiropractors are no exception. Entrance requirements are high so students with the best academic standings completing a minimum of a three-year university program or equivalent are accepted. The CMCC program requires four years of full-time study and UQTR requires five following graduation from a CÉGEP health science program. Both the CMCC and UQTR offer diverse faculty members who can offer students a wide range of expertise. Faculty backgrounds include biological sciences, pathology, medicine and psychology, as well as chiropractic.
Chiropractic education also requires hands-on clinical experience under the direct supervision of highly-qualified faculty. This experience includes clinical assessment, diagnosis, treatment, and referral protocols.
Comprehensive national examinations are administered by the Canadian Chiropractic Examining Board (CCEB) and must be passed before a student can qualify to become licenced by the regulatory authority in their province of practice. Chiropractors educated outside of Canada are also required to pass the same Canadian qualifying examinations to become licensed to practise in this country.
In Canada, there are five post-graduate specialty colleges where chiropractors can undertake additional education to further advance their skills. The colleges focus on sports sciences, radiology, clinical sciences, orthopedics, and rehabilitation. Canadian chiropractors adopt evidence-informed practice principles to guide clinical decision making by integrating their clinical expertise, patient’s preferences and values, and the best available scientific evidence. Canada’s chiropractors are spine, muscle and nervous system experts. They diagnose the causes and treat patients to relieve pain and prevent it from returning – helping them be healthy and active.